Posts Tagged With: weapons
By Willie Drye in Plymouth, North Carolina, for National Geographic News
PUBLISHED AUGUST 29, 2011
After 15 years of uncertainty, a shipwreck off the coast of North Carolina has been confirmed as that of the infamous 18th-century pirate Blackbeard, state officials say.
The Queen Anne’s Revenge grounded on a sandbar near Beaufort (see map) in 1718, nine years after the town had been established. Blackbeard and his crew abandoned the ship and survived.
Until recently, the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources emphasized that the wreck, discovered in 1995, was “thought to be” the Queen Anne’s Revenge.
Now, after a comprehensive review of the evidence, those same officials are sure it’s the ship sailed by one of history’s fiercest and most colorful pirates.
“There was not one aha moment,” said Claire Aubel, public relations coordinator for the North Carolina Maritime Museums. “There was a collection of moments and a deduction based on the evidence.”
There were two main reasons for the team’s certainty, Aubel said: the sheer size of the wreck and the many weapons that were found in the rubble.
No other ship as big as the Queen Anne’s Revenge was known to have been in the area at the time, and a pirate ship would have been well armed, she said.
Shipwreck Loot Points to Blackbeard
Blackbeard achieved his infamous immortality in only a few years, operating in the Caribbean Sea and off the coast of colonial America before being killed in a battle with British ships in North Carolina’s Pamlico Sound in 1718. (Also see “Grim Life Cursed Real Pirates of Caribbean.”)
Some historians have speculated that he deliberately ran the Queen Anne’s Revenge aground so that he could keep the most valuable plunder for himself.
Such loot has helped archaeologists link the wreck to Blackbeard since excavations started in 1997. Among the major recovered artifacts are:
—Apothecary weights stamped with tiny fleurs-de-lis, royal symbols of 18th-century France. Queen Anne’s Revenge was actually a former French ship, Le Concorde, captured by Blackbeard in 1717. He forced Le Concorde’s surgeon to join the pirate crew, and a surgeon at that time likely would have had apothecary weights.
—A small amount of gold found among lead shot. Archaeologists think a French crewman might have hidden the gold in a barrel of shot to conceal it from Blackbeard’s pirates.
ID of Blackbeard’s Ship Never Really in Doubt
The disclaimer about the wreck’s identity was more an acknowledgement of the strict code of scientific scrutiny than the result of any serious doubts about the ship’s identity, said Erik Goldstein, curator of arts and numismatics—the study of coins and tokens—for the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation in Virginia. Archaeologists working on the wreck were always sure of its identity.
State officials “were just being safe,” Goldstein said. “At the beginning phase of an excavation, unless you find something like a ship’s bell with the name engraved on it, it takes a little while to put the pieces together and gather documentary evidence. It was good, responsible behavior on the part of those folks.”
There were two reasons for dropping the official doubt about the identity of the shipwreck, added David Moore, curator of nautical archaeology at the North Carolina Maritime Museum in Beaufort.
First, the museum recently opened “Blackbeard’s Queen Anne’s Revenge,” a greatly expanded exhibit of artifacts from the shipwreck. Had the confirmation of the ship’s identity not been made, curators would have had to title the exhibition something like “Artifacts From the Purported Queen Anne’s Revenge,” Moore said.
Also, removing the official caveat could help the museum secure private funding to continue excavating the wreck, Moore said. Although the state legislature provides some funding, he said, tight budgets are cutting into that money.
Stony Point, NY| A team of lanscaping workers, proceeding to an excavation near the banks of the Hudson river, has discovered the archeological remains of a Norse village dating from the 9th or 10th Century AD.
The workers were digging with a mechanical shovel near the shores of Minisceongo creek, when they stumbled upon the ruins of an ancient building. A team of archaeologists linked to Columbia University, was called to the site to inspect the findings, and they rapidly identified the site as a possible Viking settlement. They proceeded to extend the excavation, and have finally discovered the remains of six buildings.
The various structures are believed to have been constructed of sod, placed over a wooden frame. Based on the associated artifacts, the buildings were variously identified as four dwellings and two workshops. The largest dwelling measured 88 by 42 feet (26.8 by 12.8 meters) and consisted of several rooms, while two of the dwellings were much smaller and were identified as living quarters for lower-status crew or slaves. The two workshops for their part, were identified as an iron smithy, containing a large forge, and a carpentry workshop.
It is unclear how many men and women lived at the site at any given time, but the archaeological evidence suggests it had the capacity of supporting between 30 to 100 individuals, and that the site was inhabited by the Norse for a relatively short period of time.
During their search of the site, the archaeologists have discovered nine skeletons, who were identified as four adult males, two adult females and three children. Only one of the male warriors had been given a proper burial, being placed in a tomb with his weapon and belongings. The other skeletons showed traces of violent injuries and seemed to have been simply left on the site of their death by the killers.
Many clues discovered on the site suggest that the Vikings could have come into conflict with the indigenous people of the region. Besides the skeletons that were found, who were most likely killed in combat, the numerous remains of native American weapons found on the site suggest the colony suffered a large-scale attack by indigenous warriors.
Several artifacts were also found on the site, suggesting the inhabitants of the site who survived the attack, must have left hastily. These include a dozen of pieces of jewelry, like brooches, pins and arm-rings, mostly made of silver and walrus ivory. The archaeologists also unearthed iron pots, potteries, oil lamps, tools, a whetstone, coins, as well as a few broken weapons and pieces of armor.
The Vikings were Germanic Norse seafarers, speaking the Old Norse language, who raided and traded from their Scandinavian homelands across wide areas of northern and central Europe, as well as European Russia, during the late 8th to late 11th centuries.
Using their advanced seafaring skills and their famous longships, they created colonies and trading posts throughout the North Atlantic islands, navigating as far as the north-eastern coast of North America. Another short-lived Viking settlement was already discovered in 1960, in present-day L’Anse aux Meadows, located in the province Newfoundland and Labrador, in Canada. The remains of butternuts found on that site, had indeed suggested that other settlements further south, because these nuts do not grow naturally north of New Brunswick.
The scientists believe that the settlement could indeed be the legendary Norse colony known as “Vinland”, mentioned in the Icelandic Sagas. Based on the idea that the name meant “wine-land”, historians had long speculated that the region contained wild grapes. Wild grapes were, indeed, still growing in many areas of the Hudson Valley when the first European settlers arrived in the region, so the archaeologists believe that this could really be the colony described in the mythological saga.
(by Michael Connelly, Constitutional Attorney) — It is official. 2015 is the year that progressives will make an all-out push to quash the Second Amendment and disarm the American people. I have been reporting on my blog for the last several years about the ground work that has been laid including the escalating efforts to disarm our veterans, the issuing of illegal Executive Orders by Obama to limit gun rights, the movement to get individual states to pass and enforce unconstitutional limits on gun ownership, and the signing of the UN Small Arms treaty.
Now they are ready to make their move and I predict it will consist of a number of assaults on the American people. In fact, some of them are already in the works:
- The DOJ is floating the claim that the UN Small Arms Treaty is now the law of the land despite the fact that it has never been submitted to the U.S. Senate for ratification by a two thirds majority as required by the U. S. Constitution. This means that Obama plans to enforce the provisions of the treaty without ratification and despite the fact that in 1957 the Supreme Court ruled that no treaty, even if signed by the President and ratified by the Senate can override the protection of individual rights guaranteed to Americans in the Constitution.
- Obama’s enforcement of the UN treaty will include prohibiting the importation of firearms or replacement parts from other countries into the U.S, and providing a list to the UN of all American gun owners, importers, and exporters. In order to legally facilitate this, Congress would have to repeal the ban on funding of a national gun registration. However, I believe Obama plans on doing this by another illegal and unconstitutional Executive Order.
- To continue and escalate the effort to disarm American veterans. The private medical records of veterans are being turned over illegally to the FBI so that they can be put on the NICS list of people who cannot legally purchase firearms because of mental illness. However, mental illness of these veterans is based on minor PTSD, suffering from minor depression, or even letting their spouses pay the family bills. There is no adjudication of mental illness to the point of being a danger to themselves or others as required by law.
- Veterans are also being required to tell the VA if they own firearms, how they feel about the federal government and/or the Obama administration and in some cases forced to submit to a strip search to determine if they have any “radical tattoos”. No definition of what constitutes a radical tattoo is provided.
- Obama has by an illegal and unconstitutional amendment to the Affordable Care Act overridden the prohibition on doctors to question their patients about gun ownership. Obama has called on pediatricians to question children about whether their parents have a gun in their home. Just recently I have also learned that seniors newly enrolling in Medicare are being required, when they go to a doctor for a routine physical, to take a test to determine if they are showing signs of Alzheimer’s disease. The questions include repeating a sequence of numbers and letters and other memory type questions and then there is the question about whether they own a firearm. Obviously, this information is then sent to the Federal government.
- Obama has also issued an Executive order that is being enforced by new HHS regulations that virtually set aside the HIPP law that protects the privacy of medical records. Under these new regulations, if your records contain anything indicating you have ever been depressed, had PTSD or taken certain medications your records will be turned over to the FBI and you will be put on the NICS list. This will apply to everyone, not just veterans.
- Obama also has the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms changing the definition of mental illness to provide that anyone can be declared mentally ill to the point of being a danger to themselves or others for any reason without an adjudication of any kind, and therefore can be prohibited from owning firearms. This is already happening in states like New York that have adopted similar laws and regulations. A citizen of New York has been declared mentally ill and had his guns seized because he was seeking treatment for insomnia.
- In the meantime, we have a Republican Senator casting the deciding vote to confirm Obama’s appointment of a Surgeon General who believes that gun ownership constitutes a health threat. We have the EPA moving to control the manufacture of ammunition because it claims that the use of lead in ammo produces a threat to the environment.
- The Department of Justice will continue its campaign to force banks to deny loans and even bank accounts to firearms dealers and will continue to harass them in other ways to force them out of business.
In other words, multiple resources of the Federal Government and some state governments are going to be used to take our firearms, but we can and must fight back. As the Executive Director of the United States Justice Foundation (www.usjf.net) I plan on taking the following actions to:
- Contact members of the U.S. Senate and urge them to refile the “Veterans Second Amendment Protection Act” that will stop the efforts of the VA to disarm America’s heroes. This law was previously defeated by Democrats in the Senate.
- Continue our representation of individual veterans in their fights to reverse declarations that they are incompetent to handle their own financial affairs and cannot own firearms. We have won some recent victories in this effort.
- File suits against the VA, FBI, DHS, and DOD to force them to comply with our Freedom of Information Act requests to gain documents about the attacks on veterans by these agencies.
- Continue our involvement in lawsuits against states that are implementing and enforcing unconstitutional gun control laws.
- Offer our support to any members of Congress who file suit against Obama to stop his use of illegal Executive Orders to implement gun control and other unconstitutional actions.
- Continue to support the Constitutional Sheriffs and Peace Officers Association (CSPOA) in their efforts to recruit law enforcement leaders around the country to pledge that they will not allow unconstitutional laws or regulations to be enforced in their jurisdictions.
Some ancient alien carved stone head statues on Mars from Curiosity sol 528. MARS ZOO 2014. These look very much like some Egyptian statues or perhaps cone-head art from Central and South America. As well as these giant carved heads there are other carved stone artefacts here as well as what looks like a dead aliens skull lying in the sand nearby.
It is time to say “OK, we are leaving”….He has nothing but complain for the past two years on a regular basis. He wants our money and equipment but does not appreciate anything.
We should pull out and just let him fail and then refuse to go back. $Billions have been spent and given to his country and a fair share ended up in his pockets and the pockets of his cronies.
Bring our Troops home.
“You never want a serious crisis to go to waste. And what I mean by that – it’s an opportunity to do things you think you could not do before.” – Rahm Emanuel
Throughout his entire first term, America never heard a peep out of Barack Obama about gun control – except in 2008 when he said on national TV, “I believe in the Second Amendment. I believe in people’s lawful right to bear arms. I will not take your shotgun away. I will not take your rifle away. I won’t take your handgun away.”
But then in December 2012 came the horrendous mass-shooting in Connecticut and suddenly banning entire classes of firearms rarely used in crime – rifles – became the nation’s most urgent priority.
Until Sandy Hook, the constitutional right to keep and bear arms was just about the only policy battlefield on which the left consistently lost. In fact, two recent Supreme Court decisions – 2008’s District of Columbia v. Heller and 2010’s McDonald v. Chicago – strongly reaffirmed individuals’ Second Amendment right to own firearms for their own protection.
But Obama, not wanting “a serious crisis to go to waste,” wasted no time. Starting the very day of the Connecticut tragedy and continuing ever since, he has skillfully redirected Americans’ wrenching emotional pain into a massive, coordinated push for new gun-control measures – with or without Congress.
So now America is being dragged through yet another pretend crisis – a crisis of “assault weapons” (a pretend term deliberately designed to scare and deceive people about ordinary firearms), a crisis of too many guns “on the streets” (no one knows quite what that means), a crisis of “high-powered, semi-automatic rifles” (but wait, gun-controllers used to always insist handguns were the problem), a crisis of needing to establish more “gun-free zones” (which are pretend, and serve only to attract would-be mass murderers).
The fact that virtually all serious research conducted over the last 40 years proves “more guns” always equals “less crime,” and that gun-control laws have been proven time and time again not to reduce crime, is of absolutely no consequence. The crisis is all that matters – and the “opportunity to do things” that couldn’t have been done before.
The entire World should be outraged….The UN should push for a mass weapon ban on bows and arrows….why not, they stick their collective noses in our ownership of weapons….
— Indian police failed to recover two fishermen’s bodies after the indigenous inhabitants of a remote island fired arrows at a helicopter, officials say.
The men were killed by members of the Sentinelese group when their boat drifted ashore on North Sentinel Island, The Daily Telegraph of London reported. About 50 to 200 Sentinelese live on the island and resist contact with the outside world, using Stone Age techniques to survive.
The island is part of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands group in the Indian
Sunder Raj, 48, and Pandit Tiwari, 52, were fishing for mud crabs off the island Friday, officials said, and fell asleep in their open boat. Since there is a 3-mile exclusion zone around the island, they and other fishermen in the area were there illegally.
“As day broke, fellow fishermen say they tried to shout at the men and warn them they were in danger,” said Samir Acharya, the head of the Society for Andaman and Nicobar Ecology. “However they did not respond — they were probably drunk — and the boat drifted into the shallows where they were attacked and killed.”
The crew of a police helicopter discovered the bodies in shallow graves but were unable to land and recover them because of arrows.
“Right now, there will be casualties on both sides,” Dharmendra Kumar, the Andaman Island police chief in Port Blair, told the Telegraph in a telephone interview. “The tribesmen are out in large numbers. We shall let things cool down and once these tribals move to the island’s other end we will sneak in and bring back the bodies.”