Talk about a bad trip. In the 1950s, the CIA launched a top-secret program called MKULTRA to look for drugs and other techniques to use in mind control. Over the next two decades, the agency used hallucinogens, sleep deprivation and electrical shock techniques in an effort to perfect brainwashing.
CIA scientists conducted more than 149 research projects as part of MKULTRA. In one, they tested the effects of LSD in social situations by slipping the drug to unwitting bar patrons in New York and San Francisco. In others, they enticed heroin addicts to take the hallucinogen by offering them heroin. [Trippy Tales: The History of 8 Hallucinogens]
Spooked by the Watergate scandal, in 1973 CIA Director Richard Helms ordered documents related to the project destroyed. However, some documents escaped destruction, and by 1977 a Freedom of Information Act request released more than 20,000 pages on the sordid program to author John Mark
Posts Tagged With: San Francisco
A 1943 Lincoln penny that soared in value because it was made from the “wrong” material reportedly has sold for $1 million.
The penny was erroneously made of bronze instead of zinc-coated steel at the San Francisco Mint, according to UPI news agency. Texas Rangers co-chairman Bob R. Simpson bought the coin from Legend Numismatics, a rare coin dealer in Lincroft, N.J.
Professional Coin Grading Service, an organization that evaluates and grades rare coins, certified the penny in question, grading it a 62 on a scale of 1 to 70.
“The Simpson collection now contains the finest known bronze cent from each mint, Philadelphia, San Francisco and Denver, including the unique 1943-D bronze cent that PCGS certified after Legend acquired and sold to him for a record $1.7 million in 2010,” Willis said.
The U.S. Mint switched from bronze planchets to zinc-coated steel for cents in 1943 because copper was needed during World War II.
“By error, some bronze planchets made it into the hoppers at all three Mints, were struck and released into circulation. These have become the most famous and valuable of all off-metal errors,” PCGS said in a release.
A crane operator working on a transit project in San Francisco unearthed a tooth of a woolly mammoth on Monday. Paleontologist James Allen told ABC News’ San Francisco affiliate, KGO-TV, that the tooth was believed to be between 10,000 and 11,000 years old, and that the fossil was in good condition.
“The Bay was a grassy valley with herds of these extinct critters just roaming around,” said Allen. “It’s a big deal, so we can study it, get some age dates, which help us figure out tectonics [and] seismicity like the San Andreas Fault.”
The 10-inch long fragment of tooth was found by crane operator Brandon Valasik 110 feet underground.
“I was excavating using a hammer grab and going through a layer of sand, when suddenly I noticed some strange object that came out,” Valasik told KGO-TV. “A few people tried to convince me that it was just a rock, but it just looked too perfect to be a rock.”
The Transbay Joint Powers Authority, the organization in charge of the project, plans to donate the fossil to the California Academy of Sciences.