Posts Tagged With: India

Ajanta Caves of India …


In 1819 deep in the jungles of India, a man is hot on the tail of a wild tiger. Suddenly, he spots something strange in the cliffs high above him. So he climbs up to investigate… and discovers, amazingly, a secret that has lain hidden for hundreds of years. This incredible scene took place in 1819. The protagonist was British cavalryman John Smith, and on that fateful day he was out hunting in what is now Aurangabad, a district of Maharashtra in western India. Close to the Waghora River, he noticed an opening in the rocks above. Realizing that the cave looked man-made, Smith and his party scaled the rocks to take a closer look. Then he fashioned a flaming torch from grass to light his way and tentatively stepped inside. Needless to say, Smith was in for a surprise when he entered the opening in the cliffs. Indeed, he found himself in a grand hall lined with columns, its walls decorated with paintings that were faded by age. Exploring further, Smith discovered a bodhisattva – a carving of a Buddhist devotee at one of the stages of achieving nirvana. Inconceivably, but with typical colonial carelessness, he scratched his name on the body of the statue. He was, therefore, the first of many to leave his mark on what became known as the Ajanta Caves. Located 280 miles to the east of Mumbai, the caves are thought to date back to the second century BC. They consist of 30 halls and feature religious structures hewn into the rock face up to 100 feet above the river below. Experts believe that the caves were created over a period of many hundreds of years. Indeed, after the initial construction in the second century BC, work began on a second group of caves some time around the fifth century AD. The structures here were built for Buddhist monks as a place in which to live and worship. There were, for example, caves allocated for different activities, such as sleeping and education, and many monks would have been trained at the facility. In fact, it is thought that at their peak the Ajanta Caves were home to several hundred men. However, over time, Buddhism began to lose its grip on the region, and Hinduism rose to become the dominant religion once again. Consequently, the caves, with their Buddhist significance, were abandoned, and nature began to reclaim the site. So, for more than 1,000 years, the Ajanta Caves remained buried in a remote corner of India as the world changed around them. Sadly, there was nobody to watch them fall into disrepair as the years passed – apart, that is, from a few local goat herders who used parts of the caves for shelter. But all that changed with Smith and the discovery that he made in 1819. In fact, after that day the fame of the caves spread quickly throughout the world. Certainly, the stunning architecture of the caves and the exquisite artwork found within them soon established the area as an archaeological site of note. In 1844, for instance, the Royal Asiatic Society commissioned Major Robert Gill to recreate some of the stunning paintings that lined the walls of the caves. His task was a difficult one: he had to slave away in intense heat while remaining vigilant to the threat not only from tigers, but also the hostile local Bhil people. Despite such difficulties, however, Gill and his fellow adventurers discovered some incredible treasures that still draw visitors to the Ajanta Caves to this day. Suffice to say, then, that the caves, with their complex system of halls and cells, represent an incredible architectural feat. Indeed, most of the caves are vihara halls, multi-purpose spaces once used for worship, sleeping and living. Each one consists of a central space featuring a Buddhist shrine, surrounded by smaller cells where the monks would go about their daily lives. Interestingly, the first caves to be built were adorned with simple columns and painted with figures from Buddhist teachings. Later, during the second period of construction, more elaborate architecture and artwork appeared. Meanwhile, throughout the caves, thousands of beautiful images recreate stories from the lives of Buddha. For example, men, women and animals are depicted in rich and detailed scenes, painted by skilled artists who studded their work with precious stones. In what’s known as Cave One, an elaborate façade is covered in detailed carvings and reliefs. In others, meanwhile, mound-shaped shrines known as stupas create focal points. Additionally, Cave Two features a series of paintings depicting women in significant and powerful roles – leading some to suggest that a woman may have been responsible for funding at least part of the site. Today, reaching the Ajanta Caves is less of an adventure than it was 200 years ago. Since then, of course, the ropes and ladders that Gill and his contemporaries were forced to climb have been replaced by a modern path, and the caves have firmly taken their place on the tourist map of western India. Indeed, in 1983, the caves won recognition as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, furthering their reputation as a unique and fascinating slice of history. Meanwhile, their location close to the famous Ellora Caves boosted their popularity, and by 2010 the site was attracting almost 400,000 visitors a year. These days, then, a tour of the region isn’t complete without a visit to the Ajanta Caves. And despite the site’s popularity – so great that in 2013 a Mumbai designer launched four replica caves to ease overcrowding – the haunting magic of these vast structures carved into the rock so long ago endures.

Countryside around the Ajanta Caves…
Categories: Ancient Treasure, Archaeology, artifacts, Ghost Towns, Strange News, Uncategorized | Tags: , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Dwarka: Atlantis of the East (FULL MOVIE)….


COULD THIS FORBIDDEN ANCIENT TECHNOLOGY BENEATH THE ARABIAN SEA FORCE MANKIND TO REWRITE HISTORY?

Welcome to the home of Dwarka: Atlantis of the East. In just 54 hours, over 28,000 viewers across 7 continents uncovered answers to this ancient mystery.

DWARKA: ATLANTIS OF THE EAST THE SUBMERGED TRUTHS UNCOVERED ON A 2012 EXPEDITION TO MODERN-DAY DWARKA

These truths, as you are about to discover, may force humankind to reconsider everything we know about historic civilizations, ancient technology, and what lies in store for our uncertain future.

IN DWARKA: ATLANTIS OF THE EAST, YOU’LL DISCOVER…

A look at the strange ancient artifacts that regularly wash up on the shores of modern-day Dwarka… and what they could mean.

Astronomical expert Dr. Narahari achar’s irrefutable evidence that Dwarka could be one of the oldest civilizations in human history.

Did Dwarka possess futuristic flying machines and nuclear weapons thousands of years before the rest of the world? This compelling evidence is impossible to ignore.

Why the indian government abruptly forced the original dwarka excavation team to halt all exploration of its ruins on the arabian sea bed.

and much more.

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Numismatists to study Nabarangpur treasure….


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 Ancient coins unearthed a decade earlier in Nabarangpur district will be displayed at the State Museum and also be researched upon by numismatists and epigraphists.

The rare coins, which are now in the safe custody of the Nabarangpur district treasury, will shortly be supplied to the State Museum for detailed study, said sources at the state culture department.

In 2003-04, villagers discovered the rare coins near Kosagumuda in the district when present state tourism and culture secretary Arabinda Padhee was the collector there.

“The collection that was unearthed by chance by the local residents included unique silver and gold coins that were clearly ancient,” reminisced Padhee.

“The coins have a few Persian symbols and emblems of a spider and other images that were most likely propagated on coins during the Mughal era, may be under Akbar’s reign,” he said.

The villagers, following local traditions, considered it a bad omen to find coins under the soil and were hence worried. “They believed that to reverse the negative energy of the coins, a small shrine had to be built. I asked them to hand over the coins to the district treasury and in return ensured that the local administration helped the villagers build the shrine. Ever since, the coins were safely kept in the treasury,” said Padhee.

Last week, he requested the superintendent of the State Museum to collect the coins from the district collector of Nabarangpur so they are studied by experts and also displayed at both the district and state museums.

“We have already arranged for officials of the State Museum to collect these coins that include five gold and 50 silver coins, within a week. Once here, they will be studied and researched upon by experts. We are also planning to host an exhibition tentatively on May 18. A pair of ancient elephant tusks from Jeypore will also be brought here for better preservation,” said Sushil Das, director state culture department and superintendent-in-charge of the State Musuem.

Curators and scholars at the numismatics department of the State Museum will be utilising the rare coins for detailed research of the inscriptions on them that could also throw light on the history of the state and the events that had brought the coins to Nabarangpur a few centuries ago.

“We need to see the coins and study them well to understand the symbols and inscriptions which really would be the key to the history the coins uphold. It could give us new perceptions of the state’s history of ancient trade as well as politics,” said an official of the numismatics section.

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Nazi Symbol actually 4500 years old….


In India it was a symbol of “well being” in the late 19th century it became a symbol of “good Luck” in fact in 1925, Coke Cola made a watch fob advertising their product. The Navajo Indians used it in their artwork, metal work, Buildings in NM were adorned with it, the Navajo Nation dropped the symbol after WWII.
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cocacola-swastika-fob

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Quarter-Sized Pink Diamond Sets Record at Auction


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A pink diamond the size of a U.S. quarter sets a record at auction, selling at Christie’s in New York for more than $39 million. The 35-carat ‘Princie’ golconda pink diamond was once owned by the royal family of Hyderabad in India. The winning bidder is anonymous.

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Britain to India: Diamond in royal crown is ours……


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British Prime Minister David Cameron says a giant diamond his country forced India to hand over in the colonial era that was set in a royal crown will not be returned.
Speaking on the third and final day of a visit to India aimed at drumming up trade and investment, Cameron ruled out handing back the 105-carat Koh-i-Noor diamond, now on display in the Tower of London. The diamond had been set in the crown of the current Queen Elizabeth’s late mother.
One of the world’s largest diamonds, some Indians – including independence leader Mahatma Gandhi’s grandson – have demanded its return to atone for Britain’s colonial past.
“I don’t think that’s the right approach,” Cameron told reporters on Wednesday after becoming the first serving British prime minister to voice regret about one of the bloodiest episodes in colonial India, a massacre of unarmed civilians in the city of Amritsar in 1919.
“It is the same question with the Elgin Marbles,” he said, referring to the classical Greek marble sculptures that Athens has long demanded be given back.
“The right answer is for the British Museum and other cultural institutions to do exactly what they do, which is to link up with other institutions around the world to make sure that the things which we have and look after so well are properly shared with people around the world.
“I certainly don’t believe in ‘returnism’, as it were. I don’t think that’s sensible.”
Britain’s then colonial governor-general of India arranged for the huge diamond to be presented to Queen Victoria in 1850.
If Kate Middleton, the wife of Prince William, who is second in line to the throne, eventually becomes queen consort she will don the crown holding the diamond on official occasions.
When Elizabeth II made a state visit to India to mark the 50th anniversary of India’s independence from Britain in 1997, many Indians demanded the return of the diamond.
Cameron is keen to tap into India’s economic rise, but says he is anxious to focus on the present and future rather than “reach back” into the past.

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India should ban bows and arrows….Fishermen killed on remote Indian island


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The entire World should be outraged….The UN should push for a mass weapon ban on bows and arrows….why not, they stick their collective noses in our ownership of weapons….
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— Indian police failed to recover two fishermen’s bodies after the indigenous inhabitants of a remote island fired arrows at a helicopter, officials say.

The men were killed by members of the Sentinelese group when their boat drifted ashore on North Sentinel Island, The Daily Telegraph of London reported. About 50 to 200 Sentinelese live on the island and resist contact with the outside world, using Stone Age techniques to survive.

The island is part of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands group in the Indian
Ocean.
Sunder Raj, 48, and Pandit Tiwari, 52, were fishing for mud crabs off the island Friday, officials said, and fell asleep in their open boat. Since there is a 3-mile exclusion zone around the island, they and other fishermen in the area were there illegally.

“As day broke, fellow fishermen say they tried to shout at the men and warn them they were in danger,” said Samir Acharya, the head of the Society for Andaman and Nicobar Ecology. “However they did not respond — they were probably drunk — and the boat drifted into the shallows where they were attacked and killed.”

The crew of a police helicopter discovered the bodies in shallow graves but were unable to land and recover them because of arrows.

“Right now, there will be casualties on both sides,” Dharmendra Kumar, the Andaman Island police chief in Port Blair, told the Telegraph in a telephone interview. “The tribesmen are out in large numbers. We shall let things cool down and once these tribals move to the island’s other end we will sneak in and bring back the bodies.”

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India warns Kashmiris of possible nuclear attack…..


Officials in Indian-controlled Kashmir are warning residents to be prepared for a possible nuclear war by building build bomb-proof basements and collecting two weeks’ worth of food and water.
Local officials said the advisory was routine, though it was the first time it had been published in a newspaper. They said it did not signal new concerns about a nuclear attack in the region, repeatedly fought over by nuclear-armed rivals India and Pakistan.
A series of deadly skirmishes along the cease-fire line in recent weeks has heightened tensions between the two countries, and the timing of the advisory surprised many residents in Srinagar, the main city in Indian-controlled Kashmir.
“This is fueling an atmosphere of fear. Educating people is fine but not this brazen way,” said resident Fayaz Ahmed.
The notice, published Monday by the Kashmir police in the Greater Kashmir newspaper, advised people to build toilet-equipped basements large enough to house their entire families for two weeks. If there is no basement, residents should construct bunkers in their front yards, the notice advised.
The shelters should be stocked with candles, battery-operated lights and radios, it said, adding that stores of nonperishable food and water should be regularly replaced to ensure it is fresh.
The notice said that during a nuclear attack, motorists should dive out of their cars toward the blast to save themselves from being crushed by their soon-to-be tumbling vehicles.
“Expect some initial disorientation as the blast wave may blow down and carry away many prominent and familiar features,” it advises.
It also warns residents to keep people contaminated by fallout out of their shelters.
Yoginder Kaul, inspector-general at the civil defense and state disaster response force, said the advisory was part of a normal campaign to educate the public, and the information has been available on a government website for some time.
“We routinely train and educate people regarding different natural and man-made disasters and that’s our duty. This advertisement too was part of such a campaign. Please, let’s not read into this beyond that. Let it be clear that this is purely in the nature of educating people and not connected with anything else,” he said.
Both India and Pakistan claim the divided Kashmir region in its entirety and have fought two wars over it.
Earlier this month, three Pakistani soldiers and two Indian soldiers were killed in the worst bout of fighting in Kashmir since a cease-fire accord was signed by the countries in 2003.
In light of the violence, Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said Sunday he was reviewing future ties with Pakistan.

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Royal Indian state carriage auctioned……..



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A royal Indian state carriage that is nearly 200 years old and was once owned by the Maharaja of Mysore is to be sold at auction.
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The coach, believed to be of British origin, was used by the maharaja to transport European royalty including the Prince of Wales (later Edward VII).

The 19th Century olive carriage has 16 windows, a domed roof and is decorated with the Mysore coat of arms.

It is expected to fetch between £70,000 and £100,000 at auction in Surrey.

The carriage was first offered by the maharaja in 1974 and later exhibited by Sotheby’s at Olympia in London in 1991.

Before independence in 1947, some 562 princes ruled over a third of India. Mysore has been described as one of the country’s most glorious states of that period.

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WWII….Noor Inayat Khan: The Indian princess who spied for Britain….



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The Princess Royal is set to unveil a sculpture of Noor Inayat Khan, dubbed the “Spy Princess” by her biographer Shrabani Basu in London’s Gordon Square Gardens.

Raised in Britain and France and a descendant of Indian royalty, bilingual Noor Inayat Khan was recruited by the elite Special Operations Executive (SOE) in 1942 to work in Paris as a radio operator.

Records from the national archives show she was the first female wireless operator sent to Nazi-occupied France during World War II.

After evading capture for three months, the spy was imprisoned, tortured and eventually shot by the German Gestapo at Dachau concentration camp in 1944.

Her final word – uttered as the German firing squad raised their weapons – was simple. “Liberté”.

Liberty was a notion the pacificist-turned-war-heroine held deeply, according to Ms Basu.

For her bravery, she was posthumously awarded the George Cross. In France she was honoured with the Croix de Guerre, and later with two memorials and an annual ceremony marking her death.
Indian royalty

Brave, glamorous and both sensitive and formidable, it is said she acted not out of a love for Britain, but out of an aversion to fascism and dictatorial rule.

Her father was a musician and Sufi teacher, and Noor Inayat Khan was raised with strong principles and believed in religious tolerance and non-violence.

Ms Basu claims she “couldn’t bear to see an occupied country”, a notion that seems to run in her family.

Noor Inayat Khan’s great-great-great-grandfather was Tipu Sultan, an 18th century Muslim ruler of Mysore. He refused to submit to British rule and was killed in battle in 1799.

Born on 1 January 1914 in Russia to an Indian father and American mother, the agent’s infancy was spent in London.

The family moved to France when she was a child and lived in Paris, where she was educated and learnt fluent French.
The national archives describe how the sensitive young woman studied both medicine and music.

In 1939 the Twenty Jataka Tales, a collection of traditional Indian children’s stories she had retold, were published in Le Figaro.

When war broke out in 1939, Noor Inayat Khan trained as a nurse with the French Red Cross.

She fled the country just before the government surrendered to Germany in November 1940, escaping by boat to England with her mother and sister.
‘Tigress’

Shortly after arriving in the UK, she joined the Women’s Auxiliary Air Force (WAAF) as a wireless operator and soon caught the attention of recruiters from the SOE.

Also known at the time as Nora Baker, Khan joined the elite spy squad in 1942.

She was deployed to France a short time later despite an SOE training report describing her as “not over-burdened with brains” and “unsuited to work in her field”.

Codenamed “Madeleine”, she joined others in the resistance network Prosper, famously tasked by then Prime Minister Winston Churchill to “set Europe ablaze”.

Despite suspicions that the network had been infiltrated by a Nazi spy, Khan refused to return to Britain, risking arrest by the Gestapo.

Ms Basu – who spent eight years researching her life – told the BBC: “She was this gentle writer of children’s stories, a musician, but she was transformed. She was a tigress in the field.”
With her team gradually captured by the Gestapo, Noor Inayat Khan continued for as long as possible to send intercepted radio messages back to England.

Despite her commanders urging her to return to England, she single-handedly ran a cell of spies across Paris for three more months, frequently changing her appearance and alias.

Eventually, she was betrayed, arrested and imprisoned. She was sent to Pforzheim prison in Germany where she was kept shackled and in solitary confinement.

She refused to reveal any information, despite 10 months of repeated beatings, starvation and torture by her Nazi captors.

Her fortitude – and two escape attempts – led her captors to brand her “highly dangerous”, despite her pacifist upbringing.
‘Inner strength’

In September 1944, she and three other female SOE agents were transferred to Dachau concentration camp where on 13 September they were shot and killed.

Ms Basu has described her life as “inspirational”, and said the modern world can draw lessons from the story of Noor Inayat Khan.

She said: “For her to come into this world on the front line taking on the Gestapo, showed her inner strength and her courage, her immense courage and resilience.

“It’s very inspiring, especially given the the troubled times that we live in. It is important to remember these qualities and values.

“Two and a half million Indians volunteered for the war effort and it was the largest single volunteer army.

“I think we must not forget their contribution. Noor was part of this.”

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