Posts Tagged With: Catholic

The Commerce Between Master and Slave…1782


Thomas Jefferson
1782

It is difficult to determine on the standard by which the manners of a nation may be tried, whether catholic, or particular. It is more difficult for a native to bring to that standard the manners of his own nation, familiarized to him by habit. There must doubtless be an unhappy influence on the manners of our people produced by the existence of slavery among us. The whole commerce between master and slave is a perpetual exercise of the most boisterous passions, the most unremitting despotism on the one part, and degrading submissions on the other. Our children see this, and learn to imitate it; for man is an imitative animal. This quality is the germ of all education in him. From his cradle to his grave he is learning to do what he sees others do. If a parent could find no motive either in his philanthropy of his self-love, for restraining the intemperance of passion towards his slave, it should always be a sufficient one that his child is present. But generally it is not sufficient. The parent stoms, the child looks on, catches the lineaments of wrath, puts on the same airs in the circle of smaller slaves, gives a loose to the worst of his passions, and thus nursed, educated, and daily exercised in tyranny, cannot but be stamped by it with odious particularities.

The man must be a prodigy who can retain his manners and morals undepraved by such circumstances. And with what execration should the statesman be loaded, who permitting one half the citizens thus to trample on the rights of the other, transforms those into despots, and these into enemies, destroys the morals of the one part, and the amor patri\’e6 of the other. For if a slave can have a country in this world, it must be any other in preference to that in which he is born to live and labor for another: in which he must lock up the faculties of his nature, contribute as far as depends on his individual endeavors to the evanishment of the human race, or entail his own miserable condition on the endless generations proceeding from him. With the morals of the people, their industry also is destroyed. For in a warm climate, no man will labor for himself who can make another labor for him. This is so true, that of the proprietors of slaves a very small proportion indeed are ever seem to labor. And can the liberties of a nation be thought secure when we have removed their only firm basis, a conviction in the minds of the people that these liberties are of the gift of God? That they are not to be violated but with his wrath? Indeed, I tremble for my country when I reflect that God is just; that his justice cannot sleep for ever: that considering numbers, nature and natural means only, a revolution of the wheel of fortune, an exchange of situation is among possible events: that it may become probable by supernatural interference!

The Almighty has no attribute which can take side with us in such a contest. — But it is impossible to be temperate and to pursue this subject through the various considerations of policy, of morals, of history natural and civil. We must be contented to hope they will force their way into every one’s mind. I think a change already perceptible  since the origin of the present revolution. The spirit of the master is abating, that of the slave is rising from the dust, his condition mollifying, the way I hope preparing, under the auspices of heaven, for a total emancipation, and that this is disposed, in the order of events, to be with the consent of the masters, rather than by their extirpation.

From Notes on the State of Virginia, 1801.

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England…..Rare ‘Amen’ glass auctioned for £43,000 in Shropshire..



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A Jacobite “Amen” glass has been auctioned for £43,000 in Shropshire.

The glass, engraved with two verses of the Jacobite anthem, went under the hammer at Halls fine art auction house in Shrewsbury.

Halls said the glass was one of a number in the auction celebrating the movement that plotted against Protestant kings of the 17th and 18th Centuries.

The bids quickly exceeded pre-sales estimates of £20,000-£30,000, it added.

The glass was bought by a telephone bidder from London. Halls said it is among fewer than 40 known examples in the world.

‘Secret societies’

The collection containing the Lennoxlove Amen glass had belonged to the late Edward V. Phillips, who was a corn merchant.

Amen glasses were passed around in secret societies devoted to the restoration of a Catholic monarch, the auctioneers said.

Jeremy Lamond, Halls’ fine art director, said: “These glasses are testament to the fact that this was perhaps one of the few times in the history of alcohol when the glass was more dangerous to the imbiber than its contents.

“For those caught with such articles, penalties were severe, including imprisonment and, sometimes, execution.”

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