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USA: RUINS OF VIKING SETTLEMENT DISCOVERED NEAR HUDSON RIVER….


USA: Ruins of Viking Settlement Discovered near Hudson River

Stony Point, NY| A team of lanscaping workers, proceeding to an excavation near the banks of the Hudson river, has discovered the archeological remains of a Norse village dating from the 9th or 10th Century AD.

The workers were digging with a mechanical shovel near the shores of Minisceongo creek, when they stumbled upon the ruins of an ancient building. A team of archaeologists linked to Columbia University, was called to the site to inspect the findings, and they rapidly identified the site as a possible Viking settlement. They proceeded to extend the excavation, and have finally discovered the remains of six buildings.

The various structures are believed to have been constructed of sod, placed over a wooden frame. Based on the associated artifacts, the buildings were variously identified as four dwellings and two workshops. The largest dwelling measured 88 by 42 feet (26.8 by 12.8 meters) and consisted of several rooms, while two of the dwellings were much smaller and were identified as living quarters for lower-status crew or slaves. The two workshops for their part, were identified as an iron smithy, containing a large forge, and a carpentry workshop.

It is unclear how many men and women lived at the site at any given time, but the archaeological evidence suggests it had the capacity of supporting between 30 to 100 individuals, and that the site was inhabited by the Norse for a relatively short period of time.

norse

During their search of the site, the archaeologists have discovered nine skeletons, who were identified as four adult males, two adult females and three children. Only one of the male warriors had been given a proper burial, being placed in a tomb with his weapon and belongings. The other skeletons showed traces of violent injuries and seemed to have been simply left on the site of their death by the killers.

Many clues discovered on the site suggest that the Vikings could have come into conflict with the indigenous people of the region. Besides the skeletons that were found, who were most likely killed in combat, the numerous remains of native American weapons found on the site suggest the colony suffered a large-scale attack by indigenous warriors.

Several artifacts were also found on the site, suggesting the inhabitants of the site who survived the attack, must have left hastily. These include a dozen of pieces of jewelry, like brooches, pins and arm-rings, mostly made of silver and walrus ivory. The archaeologists also unearthed iron pots, potteries, oil lamps, tools, a whetstone, coins, as well as a few broken weapons and pieces of armor.

arrows3

The Vikings were Germanic Norse seafarers, speaking the Old Norse language, who raided and traded from their Scandinavian homelands across wide areas of northern and central Europe, as well as European Russia, during the late 8th to late 11th centuries.

Using their advanced seafaring skills and their famous longships, they created colonies and trading posts throughout the North Atlantic islands, navigating as far as the north-eastern coast of North America. Another short-lived Viking settlement was already discovered in 1960, in present-day L’Anse aux Meadows, located in the province Newfoundland and Labrador, in Canada. The remains of butternuts found on that site, had indeed suggested that other settlements further south, because these nuts do not grow naturally north of New Brunswick.

The scientists believe that the settlement could indeed be the legendary Norse colony known as “Vinland”, mentioned in the Icelandic Sagas. Based on the idea that the name meant “wine-land”, historians had long speculated that the region contained wild grapes. Wild grapes were, indeed, still growing in many areas of the Hudson Valley when the first European settlers arrived in the region, so the archaeologists believe that this could really be the colony described in the mythological saga.

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Welcome to Helltown, Ohio – The Abandoned Town Filled With Ghosts and Legends…..


helltown_3

Helltown is one of the most legendary areas of Ohio. Hundreds of legends surround the abandoned town, from ghosts to Satanic cults to chemical spills to mutants and more. It wasn’t always called Helltown and that is not its official name. The area is officially known as Boston Mills in Summit County. Settled in 1806, it is the oldest village in Summit County. In 1974, President Ford signed a legislation that allowed the National Parks Service to claim eminent domain over Boston Mills and take possession of the land. The idea was that they would raze the town and turn the area into a national park. Residents had to leave immediately, leading to graffiti that read “Now we know how the Indians felt.” However, the government being the government, they didn’t really get around to knocking down all the structures, so many streets would contain rows and rows of abandoned homes with “No Trespassing” signs, seated next to the burned-out remains of homes that had been used in fire department exercises.

With what is essentially an abandoned town, it is natural for ghost stories and legends to grow. While none have been confirmed, they are still really fun, spooky tales to share.

Helltown, Ohio

helltown

One common rumor involves an abandoned school bus in the woods. Stories maintain that the children in the bus were slaughtered by a serial killer, mental patient, or Satanic cult (depending on who you ask. In reality, the bus was used as a temporary shelter for a family whose house was undergoing renovations. It was not uncommon for vehicles and machinery that was no longer working to be left behind when residents left.

Another rumor maintains that the area was the site of a toxic chemical spill. The National Park story was just a ruse to cover up the abandoned houses and rumors of mutants living in the woods, including a monstrous snake nicknamed “Peninsula Python.”

Other popular legends suggest that two of the churches in town are used as meeting places for Satanic cults, home to ghosts that leave candles burning all night, and a strange man (possibly the one who killed the bus load of children) lives in the basement; a ghostly figure appears on a bench at the cemetery at night, even though there is no bench in the cemetery; a man who will chase you away with a hearse if you get too close to his property (which may have been based on a real resident who brought out a hearse on Halloween); and a road that leads to the end of the world, is haunted, will terrorize you, or something to that effect.

THE LEGENDS OF HELL TOWN

The stories currently circulating regarding Hell Town are so numerous that it is almost impossible to track them all. And in many cases, the stories often intermingle. But here are some of the more well-known legends, complete with the true story behind them:

Government Conspiracy
The Cemetery
The House in the Woods
The School Bus
The Church
The Hearse
End of the World
Highway to Hell
Dead-End Roads
The Slaughterhouse
The Funeral Home
Children of the Corn
Animal Mutilations
Figures in the Woods
“Satanic Activity” Warnings
Ghostly AAA

GOVERNMENT CONSPIRACY

Legend:
The government is attempting to cover up the fact that they spilled deadly chemicals in the area. These chemicals are said to have caused bizarre mutations to area residents and their children.

The Truth:
Stories regarding a government conspiracy refer to the area where the chemicals were spilled as either Butane Town, Mutane Town, or Mutant Town-the first two named after the chemical said to have been spilled and the latter describing the results of the spill.

But records show that there never was a chemical spill of any type in the area, by the government or anyone else. These stories were no doubt created out of the need to tell the “truth” behind the various US Government signs affixed to the abandoned buildings.

THE CEMETERY LEGEND:

“The local cemetery is haunted by a ghost that sits on a bench and stares blankly into creation.”

The Truth:
To begin with, The Ghosts of Ohio have no idea what it means to stare “blankly into creation”. But oddly enough, that is almost always the way the ghost is described. And despite receiving numerous e-mails and reviewing postings on the Internet, The Ghosts of Ohio have yet to come up with any further description of this alleged ghost other than it “stares blankly into creation.” You would think that an eyewitness who was close enough to see a ghost’s eyes would be able to give a better description.

There is also the fact that the “blankly into creation” quote appears on a popular ghost Web site. This leads The Ghosts of Ohio to believe that many visitors to the Web site are reading the legend and passing it along verbatim.

The home to this spirit is said to be Boston Cemetery. And while people still continue to report seeing this ghost sitting on a bench in the cemetery, there’s one major problem: there are NO benches in Boston Cemetery.

Legend:

“The trees in the cemetery move”

The Truth:
This legend is another one that appears verbatim on a large number of Web sites. And again, no additional information is ever given. However, one e-mail The Ghosts of Ohio received said the trees were the work of a “Satanic cult” that caused the trees move in order to protect the cult’s secrets.

Needless to say, there’s nothing to this legend, although it did lend itself to a lot of sarcastic comments (“sure the trees move-whenever it’s windy”).

Legend:

The cemetery is a dark, foreboding place that sits atop a cliff:

•”The cemetery is possibly the creepiest place in northern Ohio.”

•”The cemetery road winds along a cliff.”

•”You could try to drive your car up there, but odds are you’d slide down the rocky cliff on the other side.”

The Truth:
The vast majority of descriptions of the cemetery describe it as a spooky cemetery that sits alongside a “cliff” at the top of a huge hill. And while this is not necessarily paranormal in nature, it does add to the sense of foreboding that is said to permeate the cemetery.

Boston Cemetery does indeed sit atop a small hill. And the road is unpaved and does wind around the top of the hill. But on our last visit to the cemetery, The Ghosts of Ohio were able to make up this hill in a Honda without effort. And if we did slide off the side of the hill, we would have simply slid down through the grass. Granted, there are some trees at the bottom of the hill, but it is a far cry from the steep, rocky ravine some would have you believe.

Legend:
Boston Cemetery contains the graves of a large number of children who were all killed in a bus accident.

The Truth:
As with any cemetery, there are children’s graves in Boston Cemetery. But none are the result of any bus crash. This legend was apparently started in an attempt to tie the cemetery to the legend of the school bus (see below).

**NOTE: Ohio cemeteries, gated or not, close at dusk. So if you are inside a cemetery after dark, you are trespassing. Due to the recent vandalism in Boston Cemetery, the area is now patrolled on a regular basis. If you are caught inside Boston Cemetery at night, you will be arrested. To put it another way: there is nothing inside Boston Cemetery worth going to jail for.

THE HOUSE IN THE WOODS

Legend:
“There is an abandoned house in the woods where one light always appears in the upstairs window.”

The Truth:
Believe it or not, there is house in Boston Township where a light stays on all night. It’s the local hostel-a lodging house for young travelers. The light stays on in since it functions as a boarding house that accepts guests 24 hours a day.

Saying that this house is “in the woods” is debatable. For while it does sit a bit off the road, there are several signs alerting you to the fact that you are approaching the hostel and one was even placed at the end of their driveway. It seems around the time of the signs being put in place, the story of the “light in the upstairs window” shifted away from the hostel and down the road a bit to the infamous “school bus house.”

THE SCHOOL BUS

Legend:
A whole busload of children were slaughtered in the woods by (choose your favorite from the list below):

•A serial killer

•A band of serial killers

•An escaped mental patient

•Several escaped mental patients

•A group of Satanists or cult members

The bus is still there, although all the seats have been removed. But sometimes (again, choose your favorite):

•The bus fills up with the ghosts of the murdered children, each one sitting in their ghostly seats.

•The ghost of a man (“the killer”) smoking a cigarette is seen at the back of the bus.

•Children’s screams and/or laughter are heard coming from inside the bus.

Locals have tried to tow the “cursed” bus away, but each time they attempted to do so, some mishaps, which often resulted in injury and even death, resulted. As a result, they decided to leave the bus there.

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Dwarka: Atlantis of the East (FULL MOVIE)….


COULD THIS FORBIDDEN ANCIENT TECHNOLOGY BENEATH THE ARABIAN SEA FORCE MANKIND TO REWRITE HISTORY?

Welcome to the home of Dwarka: Atlantis of the East. In just 54 hours, over 28,000 viewers across 7 continents uncovered answers to this ancient mystery.

DWARKA: ATLANTIS OF THE EAST THE SUBMERGED TRUTHS UNCOVERED ON A 2012 EXPEDITION TO MODERN-DAY DWARKA

These truths, as you are about to discover, may force humankind to reconsider everything we know about historic civilizations, ancient technology, and what lies in store for our uncertain future.

IN DWARKA: ATLANTIS OF THE EAST, YOU’LL DISCOVER…

A look at the strange ancient artifacts that regularly wash up on the shores of modern-day Dwarka… and what they could mean.

Astronomical expert Dr. Narahari achar’s irrefutable evidence that Dwarka could be one of the oldest civilizations in human history.

Did Dwarka possess futuristic flying machines and nuclear weapons thousands of years before the rest of the world? This compelling evidence is impossible to ignore.

Why the indian government abruptly forced the original dwarka excavation team to halt all exploration of its ruins on the arabian sea bed.

and much more.

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Radio Show tonight…


Join us tonight, Tuesday April 14th, 2015.. 8:30PM Eastern time..
THE DETECTING LIFESTYLE RADIO SHOW…
Has the hobby/lifestyle of metal detecting been infected?? Too much BS, lack of loyalty amongst us, thievery, lack of respect for property owners with bad digging techniques, over-commercialization of what we do?? Join us as we are immersed in discussion, and debate what the good, the bad, and the ugly of metal detecting/treasure hunting may be!!
Mr. Kenny Briggs, Mr. Robert Bohrn, veterans of the hobby/lifestyle, weigh in with their opinions. We’ll also get perspective from some not so long in the hobby/lifestyle!!
This is gonna be one interesting, enlightening, and entertaining show you won’t want to miss!!

Click the link below to listen through the player, tonight!!
Hope to have you all tune in tonight!!

http://en.1000mikes.com/show/the_detecting_lifestyle_family

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Varna Man and the Wealthiest Grave of the 5th Millennium BC…..


Varna Man

In the 1970s, archaeologists in Bulgaria stumbled upon a vast Copper Age necropolis from the 5th millennium BC containing the oldest golden artifacts ever discovered near the modern-day city of Varna.  But it was not until they reached grave 43 that they realized the real significance of the finding. Inside burial 43 were the remains of a high status male and unfathomable riches – more gold was found within this burial than in the entire rest of the world in that period.

Most people have heard of the great civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt and the Indus Valley, which are all noted for being the earliest known civilizations to feature urbanization, organized administration, and cultural innovation. But few have heard of the mysterious civilization that emerged on the shores of lakes of the Black Sea some 7,000 years ago in Bulgaria.

The Varna culture, as it has come to be known, was not a small and inconsequential society that emerged in a little corner of Bulgaria and disappeared quickly into the pages of history. Rather, it was an amazingly advanced civilization, more ancient than the empires of Mesopotamia and Egypt, and the first known culture to craft golden artifacts. Varna is also now home to the largest known prehistoric necropolis in south-eastern Europe, which reflects a richness in cultural practices, complex funerary rites, an ancient belief system, and the capacity to produce exquisite and expertly-crafted goods. It has come to be known as the cradle of civilization in Europe.

The Rise of the Varna Culture

Evidence suggests that it was between 4600 and 4200 BC, when gold smithing first started in Varna. As advances were made, and craftsmen mastered metallurgy of copper and gold, the inhabitants now had something extremely valuable to trade. Increased contacts with neighbours both north and south eventually opened up trade relations within the Black Sea and Mediterranean region, which was of great importance for the development of the society. The deep bay, along which the settlements of Varna, provided a comfortable harbor for ships sailing across the Black Sea and Varna became a prosperous trading center.

Increased trading activity allowed the metallurgists to accumulate wealth and very quickly, a societal gap developed with metallurgists at the top, followed by merchants in the middle, and farmers making up the lower class. Incredible discoveries made at a nearby cemetery also suggest that Varna had powerful rulers or kings – but we will come back to that.

And so, the foundations had been laid for the emergence of a powerful and flourishing culture, whose influence permeated the whole of Europe for thousands of years to come.

Discovering ancient Varna

The first evidence of Varna’s ancient civilization came in the form of tools, vessels, utensils, and figurines made from stone, flint, bone, and clay. Then an incredible chance discovery came to light, that made headlines around the world.  In October, 1972, excavator operator Raycho Marinov stumbled upon a vast Copper Age necropolis containing the oldest gold artifacts ever discovered. It was to become one of the most important archaeological discoveries ever made in Bulgaria. Extensive excavations were launched under the direction of Mihail Lazarov (1972–1976) and Ivan Ivanov (1972–1991), revealing for the first time the magnificent civilization of Varna.

More than 300 graves were uncovered in the necropolis, and between them over 22,000 exquisite artifacts were recovered, including 3,000+ items made from gold with a total weight of 6 kilograms. Other precious relics found within the graves included copper, high-quality flint, stone tools, jewellery, shells of Mediterranean mollusks, pottery, obsidian blades, and beads.

Golden objects found in the necropolis.

Golden objects found in the necropolis. Source: Wikipedia

Analysis of the graves revealed that the Varna culture had a highly structured society – elite members of society were buried in shrouds with gold ornaments sewn into the cloth wrappings and their graves were laden with treasures, including gold ornaments, heavy copper axes, elegant finery, and richly decorated ceramics, while others had simple burials with few grave goods.

Grave 43

While there were many elite burials uncovered, there was one in particular that stood out amongst the rest – grave 43.  Inside grave 43, archaeologists uncovered the remains of a high status male who appears to have been a ruler/leader of some kind – more gold was found within this burial than in the entire rest of the world in that period.  The male was buried with a scepter – a symbol of high rank or spiritual power – and wore a sheath of solid gold over his penis.

The burial is incredibly significant as it is the first known elite male burial in Europe.  Prior to this, it was the women and children who received the most elaborate burials. Marija Gimbutas, a Lithuanian-American archaeologist, who was well-known for her claims that Neolithic sites across Europe provided evidence for matriarchal pre-Indo-European societies, suggested that it was the end of the 5th millennium BC when the transition to male dominance began in Europe. Indeed, in the Varna culture, it was observed that around this time, men started to get the better posthumous treatment.

A burial at Varna, with some of the world's oldest gold jewellery.

A burial at Varna, with some of the world’s oldest gold jewellery. Source: Wikipedia

Complex Funerary Rites

The burials in the Varna necropolis have also offered a lot more than the precious artifacts found within them and discoveries relating to social hierarchies; the features of the graves have also provided key insights into the religious beliefs and complex funerary practices of this ancient civilization.

It became apparent to researchers that the males and females were laid out in different positions within the graves – males were laid out on their backs, while females were placed in a foetal position. But most surprising of all, was the discovery that some graves contained no skeleton at all, and these ‘symbolic graves’ were the richest of them all in terms of the amount of gold and other treasures found within them. Some of these symbolic graves, or cenotaphs, also contained human-sized masks made of unbaked clay placed in the position where the head would have been.

Human-sized clay head found at Varna necropolis.

Human-sized clay head found at Varna necropolis. Photo source.

The graves contained the clay masks were also found to contain gold amulets in the shape of women placed in the position where the neck would have been. These amulets, associated with pregnancy and childbirth, indicate that the ‘burials’ were those of females. Further evidence of this is the fact that there were no battle-axes found in these cenotaphs, but each of them had a copper pin, a flint knife and a spindle whorl.

Replica of a symbolical burial of an antropomorphous face made from clay. The original was found at the Varna Chalkolithic Necropolis (grave 2) and dates to the fourth millennium BC.

Replica of a symbolical burial of an antropomorphous face made from clay. The original was found at the Varna Chalkolithic Necropolis (grave 2) and dates to the fourth millennium BC. Photo source: Wikipedia

The Downfall and Legacy of the Varna Culture

By the end of the fifth millennium BC, the once strong and powerful Varna culture began to disintegrate. It has been hypothesized that the downfall of the Varna was the result of a combination of factors including climate change, which turned large areas of arable land into marshes and swamps, as well as the incursion of horse-riding warriors from the steppes.

Although the Varna civilization did not leave any direct descendants, the members of this ancient culture did leave behind many lasting legacies and set the stage for the emergence of subsequent civilizations throughout Europe. Their skills in metallurgy were unprecedented in Europe and indeed throughout the world, and their society demonstrated many features of a highly advanced and developed civilization. They also developed the societal structure of a centralized authority – a person or institution to monitor and ensure the proper functioning of the society.  All the fundamental principles of modern society had been found – a model of civilization that we still follow to this day.

Read more: http://www.ancient-origins.net/ancient-places-europe/varna-man-and-wealthiest-grave-5th-millennium-bc-002798#ixzz3X8O5OO4m
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Le Chene Chapelle: The Ancient Oak Tree Chapel as Old As France Itself..


Le Chêne Chapelle

I will tell you where they are. …, they are already in their home under the ground, a very delightful residence of which we shall see a good deal presently. But how have they reached it? for there is no entrance to be seen, not so much as a large stone, which if rolled away, would disclose the mouth of a cave. Look closely, however, and you may note that there are here seven large trees, each with a hole in its hollow trunk as large as a boy. These are the seven entrances to the home under the ground, for which Hook has been searching in vain these many moons. Will he find it tonight?
– J. M. Barrie, Peter Pan

In J. M. Barrie’s most famous work, Peter Pan, the eponymous character’s hideout is depicted as an underground home accessed through the hollow of one of seven large trees. The notion that one is able to access an underground lair by stepping into the hollow of a tree is indeed the stuff of bed time stories and fairy tales. In France, however, there exists an equally fanciful tree – an ancient oak that is home to not one, but two ancient chapels in its hollowed-out center.

The Chêne Chapelle (meaning the ‘chapel oak’) is located in Allouville-Bellefosse, a commune in the Seine-Maritime department of the Upper Normandy region, France. According to the locals, the oak tree is old as the nation of France itself, and was already in existence during the reign of Charlemagne in the 9th century A.D. It is also said that in 1035, William the Conqueror, the first Norman king of England, had knelt at the base of this oak, perhaps on the occasion of his succession to the Dukedom of Normandy. Although local tradition states that the oak is about 1200 years old, scientists claim that the tree is probably closer to 800 years old. Nevertheless, it remains the oldest known tree in France today.

18th century engraving of the Chapel Oak

18th century engraving of the Chapel Oak (Wikipedia)

It was only in the 1600s that the oak tree became the Chêne Chapelle. During that period, the tree was struck by lightning and was burnt right through the center, thus forming a hollow. The oak, however, survived, and even came to the attention of the local abbot, Du Detroit and the village priest, Father Du Cerceau. The two men interpreted the hollowing of the oak as a sign from God, and decided to build a sanctuary in it. Thus, a shrine dedicated to the Virgin Mary, known as the Notre Dame de la Paix (meaning ‘Our Lady of Peace’) was built directly into the hollow of the tree. Later on, a small chapel, known as the Chambre de l’Ermite (meaning ‘House of the Hermit’) was added. This chapel was accessible via a staircase on the outside of the tree.

A staircase winds around le Chêne Chapelle.

A staircase winds around le Chêne Chapelle. Credit: P. Biron

During the French Revolution towards the end of the 18th century, the Chêne Chapelle was regarded as a symbol of the Ancien Régime. A mob inspired by the Revolution eventually arrived and threatened to burn down the Chêne Chapelle. An ingenious local, however, quickly renamed the chapel as the ‘temple of reason’, in accordance with the ideals of the Revolution. Thanks to this local’s wit, the Chêne Chapelle was spared from the mob.

Today, the centuries old tree is showing signs of aging and decay. Parts of the tree are now dead, and its crown is shrinking every year. The tree is now supported by internal as well as external poles and cables. Additionally, in places where the bark has fallen away, it is now covered by a protective layer of oak shingles.

A protective layer of oak shingles now cover the tree.

A protective layer of oak shingles now cover the tree. Credit: P. Biron

Despite all this, mass is still held twice a year in the Chêne Chapelle, and this landmark remains the destination of an annual pilgrimage in conjunction with the Feast of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, which falls on the 15th of August. Whilst the tree itself probably may not live much longer, it will likely continue existing as an important symbol in people’s minds, especially those of the people of Allouville-Bellefosse.

Read more: http://www.ancient-origins.net/ancient-places-europe/le-chene-chapelle-ancient-oak-tree-chapel-old-france-itself-002895#ixzz3X8NBuhmB
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The race to retrieve ancient artifacts from melting glaciers…….


Ancient artifacts from melting glaciers

The race to retrieve ancient artifacts from melting glaciers

Swiss scientists believe that only decades remain before areas that have been covered with ice for thousands of years melt away. The melting of the long-frozen snow and ice in the Swiss Alps, and elsewhere around the world, has already yielded numerous ancient artifacts, from hunting tools to goat-skin leggings, shoes, and Otzi the Iceman, the remains of a man who lived more than 5,000 years ago; and they are turning up with more and more frequency as the speed of melting increases.

As part of the efforts to recover buried artifacts, a recent project run by a Swiss cultural institute encouraged alpine hikers to keep a look out for relics uncovered by melting glaciers and to turn over any items found in the Swiss National Park.  In Switzerland and beyond, the booming field of glacier and ice patch archaeology represents both an opportunity and a crisis. On one hand, it exposes artifacts and sites that have been preserved in ice for millennia, offering new insights into our ancient past. On the other hand, from the moment the ice at such sites melts, the pressure to find, document, and conserve the exposed artifacts is tremendous.

Ötzi the iceman is the famous ice mummy, who was discovered by some German tourists in the Alps in 1991 and was originally believed to be the frozen corpse of a mountaineer or soldier who died during World War I. Tests later confirmed the iceman dates back to 3,300 BC and most likely died from a blow to the back of the head. He is Europe’s oldest natural human mummy and, remarkably, his body contained the still intact blood cells, which resembled a modern sample of blood. His body was so well-preserved that scientists were even able to determine that his last meal was red deer and herb bread, eaten with wheat bran, roots and fruit. A DNA analysis showed him at high risk of atherosclerosis, lactose intolerance, and the earliest known human with Lyme disease.

Otzi the iceman

Otzi the iceman. Credit: South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology

In 2006, a woodworker hiking near Lendbreen in Norway came across a well-preserved leather shoe, which incredibly, was last worn in the Bronze Age, some 3,400 years ago.  In 2011, another amazing discovery was made – a 1,700-year-old well-preserved tunic made of lamb’s wool.

1,700-year-old tunic recovered from ice

1,700-year-old tunic recovered from ice.  Photo: Mårten Teigen/Museum of Cultural History

Among the items preserved in ice, fabric and leather are the most remarkable—and the most fragile. Wood artifacts may last a few years once they melt out of the ice, but for these items, the clock runs out much faster.  Researchers have a week or less to recover leather before it dries out, becomes light and brittle, and blows away.

The Swiss cultural institute is sponsoring the artifact retrieval project through the end of 2015 and will catalogue discoveries so that archaeologists can investigate them further.

Read more: http://www.ancient-origins.net/news-general/race-retrieve-ancient-artifacts-melting-glaciers-001801#ixzz3X8MGDCa0
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Treasure hunter Tommy Thompson pleads guilty to contempt of court as part of plea deal in Ohio….


COLUMBUS, Ohio — A deep-sea treasure hunter who spent years as a fugitive after refusing to testify about gold he discovered in a historic shipwreck pleaded guilty Wednesday to contempt of court.

Tommy Thompson, 62, pleaded guilty to the criminal contempt charge in federal court in Columbus.

Thompson went missing three years ago amid demands he appear in court. He and his longtime female companion, Alison Antekeier, were apprehended in January at a hotel where he was living near Boca Raton.

Thompson rented a mansion in the 1900 block of 28th Avenue in Vero Beach for about seven years before he and Antekeier disappeared in late 2012. Thompson kept a low profile while he lived in Vero Beach, witnesses told the U.S. Marshals Service.

Thompson has faced accusations of cheating investors since he discovered the S.S. America, known as the Ship of Gold, in 1988. The gold-rush era ship sank in a hurricane off South Carolina in 1857 with thousands of pounds of gold aboard.

Thompson, then an oceanic engineer at Battelle Memorial Institute in Columbus, and his crew brought up thousands of bars and coins, much of them later sold to a gold marketing group in 2000 for about $50 million.

The 161 investors who paid Thompson $12.7 million to find the ship never saw the proceeds. Two sued — a now-deceased investment firm president and the company that publishes The Columbus Dispatch newspaper.

The agreement included terms of Thompson’s cooperation with both the government and other “interested parties in connection with the matter,” Dusing said last week.

Thompson’s attorney Ben Dusing said in a statement he hopes the plea agreement is a first step toward ending a decade of lawsuits.

Antekeier had also been charged with criminal contempt last week. Her attorney Dennis McNamara said she has also agreed in a plea agreement to admit to the charge.

Thompson had been in custody in Ohio for several weeks following his extradition from Florida. U.S. marshals in Ohio and Florida worked for more than two years to track down Thompson before his arrest, and said he had been planning to disappear for some time.

Police say he had eight fake identification cards during a 2008 arrest at a Florida gas station. After his disappearance four years later, authorities found evidence at the Vero Beach mansion he rented between 2006 and 2012, where he paid rent in cash and put the utilities in the landlord’s name.

Inside the mansion were prepaid disposable cellphones and bank wraps for $10,000, along with a book called “How to Live Your Life Invisible.”

Categories: gold coins, Lost Treasure | Tags: , , , , , | Leave a comment

‘Royal Treasure’ Brought Up From Hawaiian King’s 191-Year-Old Shipwreck….


LIHUE, Hawaii (AP) — A museum in Hawaii is preparing to open a treasure-trove of artifacts from the shipwreck of a royal yacht sunk off the coast of Kauai 191 years ago.

Richard Rogers, a Hawaii shipwreck chaser, worked with scientists from the Smithsonian Institution to dredge up the findings from the ship owned by King Kamehameha II, aka Liholiho, the second king of Hawaii.

“We found gold, silver, Hawaiian poi pounders, gemstones, a boat whistle, knives, forks, mica, things from all over the world, high- and low-end European stuff. Every bit of it is royal treasure,” Rogers said.

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A cupid furniture mount in the Empire style, originally gilded, was found in the wreckage of a ship belonging to King Kamehameha II, aka Liholiho, the second king of Hawaii, which sunk off the coast of Kauai, Hawaii in 1824. The cupid is sharpening an arrow on a lubricated grind stone. (AP/Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of American History, Harold Dorwin)

Rogers volunteered his time aboard his research vessel, the Pilialoha, over a five year period in four-week intervals from 1995 to 2001 to pull up the treasures.

“It’s all pickled and nice and ready to be displayed,” Rogers said. “There are over a thousand artifacts. We did our homework and this find is invaluable because it all belonged to the king. It is a fabulous window into the 1820s.”

Rogers said the king’s belongings were buried in 10 feet of water and 10 feet of sand. His favorite discovery was a trumpet shell.

“I found it under a bunch of sand and carried it onto the deck. This was in 1999. I blew it and it made the most beautiful sound going out over Hanalei Bay,” Rogers recalled. “I thought about how it hadn’t been blown in over 170 years.”

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This photo provided by the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of American History on April 8, 2015 in conjunction with the upcoming book “Shipwrecked in Paradise: Cleopatra’s Barge in Hawaii,” shows a sampling of Hawaiian artifacts found in the wreckage. At center is the royal pu, or conch horn. Around it are ulu maika game stones, pounders, canoe breakers, and a stone rubber. (AP/Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of American History, Richard Strauss)

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A vegetal ivory finger ring was found. (AP/Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of American History, Hugh Talman)

Kamehameha II purchased the yacht from George Crowninshield II, who named it “Cleopatra’s Barge” in 1816. According to historian and Kauai Museum volunteer Zenon Wong, it cost $50,000 to build the 192 ton yacht. Rogers said it was the first luxury ocean-going yacht built in the United States.

Wong said reports were conflicting about the condition of the crew of the 83-foot long ship, which had been renamed Ha?aheo o Hawai?i (“Pride of Hawaii”). Some documents indicate everyone on board was drunk April 6, 1824, when the ship went aground on a shallow reef. Other historical accounts report everyone was intoxicated except the captain. The cause of the wreck is unfounded but speculation shows it may have been the combination of an unexpected wind gale and a snapped anchor cable. There are no reports that anyone died aboard the ship, which was crewed entirely by Hawaiians.

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A watercolor painting by Capt. Richard W. Rogers contains historical and archaeological information on the ship belonging to King Kamehameha II, aka Liholiho. (AP/Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of American History, Richard W. Rogers)

The principal value of the artifacts is historical, said Paul F. Johnston, Ph.D., Curator of Maritime History at the National Museum of American History Smithsonian Institution. They represent the only known objects from the short but intense reign of Kamehameha II, the man who abolished the Hawaiian kapu (taboo) socio-cultural system and allowed Christian missionaries into the kingdom.

“He only reigned from 1819 -1824, but Old Hawaii changed forever and irrevocably from the changes he put into place during that short period. He was an important member of our nation’s only authentic royalty,” Johnston said.

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This is a diagram of the wreckage of the stern of the ship. (AP/Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of American History, Thomas Ormsby)

The State of Hawaii owns the artifacts and loaned them to the Smithsonian for conservation and study. The findings were in the custody of the Smithsonian from the time of their recovery, with the exception of some artifacts going to the Underwater Conservation Lab at Texas A&M University. Those objects were returned to the Smithsonian after cataloging, conservation and stabilization. Several years ago a sampling of the artifacts were displayed at the Smithsonian.

Four crates of recovered artifacts weighing nearly 1,200 pounds were delivered to The Kauai Museum in March. Two to three additional crates are scheduled for delivery and will complete the collection.

Kauai Museum Director Jane Gray said she expects to open the crates soon and unveil the contents to the public after everything has been carefully unpacked.

Categories: Archaeology, gold, gold coins, Legends | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

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